Ceroxylon pityrophyllum

Family: Arecaceae    Palmier

Nom commun: Large Anther Wax Palm

Synonyme scientifique:
Ceroxylon weberbaueri, Cocos pityrophylla, Calappa pityrophylla

Nom commun:
Palma amarilla, palma real, palmera (Bolivia), vicuña palmito, morona (Peru).

zone de rusticité: 8a     Voir les cartes des zones de rusticité pour le Royaume-Uni et les États-Unis

Stem 4-20(-22) m tall, 9.9-30.0(-40.0) cm diam., green, covered with a very thin layer of wax. Leaves 12-20(-25), in a spheric crown, often grayish and with persistent, dried hanging leaves; sheath 40-124 cm long, 3.8 cm wide at apex, petiole 10-105 cm long, adaxially flat and slightly raised in the middle, green, glabrescent towards the middle, lepidote towards margins, abaxially covered with thick layer of persistent, yellowish stiff scales; rachis arched, 130-290 cm long, adaxially flattened in half of its length, ending in a well-defined 0.6 m hastula-like projection, that appears as if leaned to one side, glabrescent, abaxially convex, covered with scales like those on petiole; pinnae (47-)85-134 on each side, pinnae disposition and insertion variable, arranged in groups of 2-8(-13), and separated by 2.5-5.5 cm, inserted in many planes, or sometimes in very slightly divergent planes, sometimes pinnae inserted regularly on the basal and/or distal third of the rachis and in one plane, and sometimes almost regularly arranged in juveniles, the adaxial surface glabrous, the midrib bearing some persistent scale bases, the abaxial surface and midrib covered with yellowish linear; 41-83 x 2.2-4.0 cm, apical pinnae 15-60 x 0.2-2.0 cm, the apical pinnae sometimes united along margins. Fruits subglobose, orange-red when ripe, 1.7-1.9 cm diam., exocarp smooth when fresh and minutely verrucose when dry, with conspicuous black lenticels in maturation; Seeds 1.2-1.4 cm diam.

Informations générales:
Type locality of Ceroxylon weberbaueri.


Originaire de, Bolivia, Peru

Known from the Andes in Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz and Chuquisaca) and Southeastern Andes of Peru (regions Cuzco and Puno), at 1285-2800 m, on slopes in patches of cloud, semi-deciduous, or deciduous forest (in the Yungas humid forest, the deciduous mountain Chaco forest, and the Tucumano-Boliviano forest). It is often observed along with Parajubea in cloud forests disturbed by grazing, or in transitional forests between cloud forest and dry forests, mixed with Podocarpus sp., above limits of subtropical deciduous dry forests with Dictyocaryum lamarckianum, but never in dry forest. It can form populations of over several hundred trees along ridgetops, but is mostly seen as scattered sub-canopy individuals. In Peru, it is conserved in cultivated plots and favored in shade coffee plantations, where it can be more abundant than in natural conditions. Nevertheless, most of the natural habitat is being rapidly converted to pastures and cultivation.

Localisation: Bolivia, Peru (-14.164158°N, -69.127914°E)

La carte peut ne pas représenter précisément la répartition naturelle. (Les marqueurs indiquent les données observées).
Ceroxylon pityrophyllum Superposition d'image ©2018 Trebrown - Copie non autorisé sans autorisation préalable.

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